THE hormonal acne reached, according to a survey published by Veja, 16 million Brazilians suffer from this problem. This type of acne is present in adult women, especially after the age of 25, and is usually quite bothersome. In addition to the physical appearance, this problem makes the skin sensitive and painful to the touch. Learn more suffers from this type of acne, how to identify it and what are the appropriate treatments.
What is hormonal acne?
Acne is a dermatological disease and, like any other disease, it should be treated as such and a proper diagnosis should be sought. Hormones after puberty tend to increase, especially testosterone. And according to the Brazilian Society of Dermatology, these hormones cause changes in the glands of the skin and so the skin begins to produce more sebum. With the clogged pores, caused by this sebum, pimples appear.
In adult women, these unregulated hormones and reproductive organ problems are the main causes of acne. Therefore, it is important to consult a doctor. The ideal is to bring together three experts to solve this problem, one endocrinologist (which checks hormone levels and controls them), gynecologist (which takes care of the female reproductive system and checks that there is no cyst) and dermatologist (which takes care of the skin). With the examinations in hand, carried out by each of the doctors, the ideal treatment will be indicated.
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What are the symptoms of acne?
Hormonal acne in adult women usually appears in the jaw and cheek area, but it can affect the entire face. According to the SBD (Brazilian Society of Dermatology), here is the order of symptoms:
- First come the comedones, commonly called carnations;
- Soon after, papules appear, which are solid, rounded lesions;
- Then there are the pustules, which are called pimples and have pus (the ones that turn yellow);
- After the appearance of pimples, there are more serious stages, such as nodules. Nodules are lesions caused by inflammation and reach deeper layers of the skin (they can cause scarring);
- Finally, the most serious case is that of cysts. They are larger than pimples, leave the skin very sore, and usually leave scars.
How do you know if acne is hormonal?
As mentioned above, this type of acne is located in the jaw and cheek area. But to define whether it is in fact hormonal or not, only a medical diagnosis can prove it. Besides the deregulated hormone, acne can have many causes, such as poor diet, stress, PMS, medication use, and improper use of cosmetics. Therefore, at the first signs of resistant acne and in this area, seek a specialist.
What is the appropriate treatment?
First, the Brazilian Society of Dermatology warns against waiting to start the appropriate treatment. “Its control is recommended not only for aesthetic reasons, but also to preserve skin health and mental health, in addition to preventing scars (acne marks) so difficult to correct in adulthood”, specifies the article published on the institution’s website.
There are two main types of treatment for hormonal acne and each is given to a degree. Specialists will define this treatment and everyone needs prescriptions to acquire.
The first available treatment is acid and is indicated for mild acne. Acids such as salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, and retinoids. In addition, for an application on the face, it is also possible to enter into an antibiotic treatment, for the higher grades.
After this step, if it does not resolve, oral acne treatment is indicated. Antibiotics are also indicated, in addition to drugs to control hormones that are not regulated.
Cosmetic procedures should only enter after acne control and when you do not have pustules (inflamed pimples with pus). With the procedures, blackheads are removed, such as cleansing the skin, preventing acne, and treating scars left behind.
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How to prevent?
Hormonal imbalance is caused by several factors, which is why prevention is difficult. But acne worsening, especially the more common ones, there are ways to prevent it. Know how:
Good skin hygiene
In order to have healthy skin, it is important to keep it clean and free from impurities. Every day, you should wash your face twice a day with a soap suitable for your skin type (oily, dry or combination). Then use sunscreen to prevent other skin problems and also moisturizer. And yes, the moisturizer should be used even on oily skin.
To know which product to use and which will help you prevent acne, it is important to seek dermatological help. This way you will get the right choice of products and save money because you will not buy cosmetics that have no effect on your skin.
In addition, it should be remembered that in hygiene of the skin, it is always necessary to remove makeup. Sleeping with makeup on can cause a number of problems, including worsening acne. Therefore, always remove all products before going to bed.
Attention, SBD warns about hygiene: “excessive cleaning is harmful to the skin as a whole (causing irritation) and may worsen the lesions“.
hygiene beyond the skin
Other ways to keep your skin clean is to disinfect anything that touches your face. That is, pillowcases need to be changed quite often, as they accumulate bacteria. Makeup brushes also need to be cleaned very often, especially brushes that apply foundation and concealer. Also, avoid touching your face at all times.